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FTSE 100 takes £75bn hit as Europe becomes new focus of Silicon Valley Bank fallout

FTSE 100 takes £75bn hit as Europe becomes new focus of Silicon Valley Bank fallout

Financial and stocks linked to economic growth all suffer as worries intensify over a major European lender's balance sheet and investors ponder what another big rate rise would mean for banks across the euro area.
The FTSE 100 and other major European stock markets have taken a beating as concern over the health of US banks crosses the Atlantic.

London's blue chip index lost £75bn in combined market value by the close after suffering its deepest fall, on a points basis, since the early days of the COVID crisis.

Sentiment soured across the continent when the top shareholder at troubled Credit Suisse declared that it could not provide the Swiss bank with more financial assistance.

That sent its shares down by almost a third at one stage to new record lows and prompted a hit to wider financial stocks, market analysts said.

Switzerland's second-largest bank, no stranger to crisis over the past few years, like others has seen concerns for its financial health come into sharper focus since the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank last week.

The attention of investors has mostly been on the ability of lenders to absorb the aggressive tightening of interest rates since last year which has made it more difficult to service their debts.

Adding to the early selling mood was speculation that the European Central Bank (ECB) planned to raise its core deposit rate by 0.5 percentage points this Thursday as part of its continued efforts to tackle inflation.

A source close to the ECB Governing Council said the ECB was unlikely to ditch plans for a big rate move this week because that would damage its credibility, the Reuters news agency reported.

Markets on Wednesday morning were pricing in a 90% chance of a 0.5 percentage point hike.

However, given the scale of the market mayhem facing financial services firms, the probability had dropped to 20% by late Wednesday afternoon.

Credit Suisse shares closed the day 24% lower. It appealed for a statement of support from the Swiss National Bank, the Financial Times reported.

Other European banking stocks also fell sharply, albeit not as badly.

Spain's IBEX and the Italian MIB were more than 4% down.

In London, the FTSE 100 closed the day 3.8% lower at 7,344, leaving it more than 1% down on where it had started the year.

Insurers and asset managers were all big losers.

Barclays, the worst of the UK bank performers, ended the day 9% lower. That took its losses in the year to date to almost 13%.

US equity markets also opened lower with financial stocks leading the way. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was 2% down.

Other significant market moves caught the eye as Brent crude oil tumbled to its lowest level in more than a year, falling 6% to $72 dollars a barrel, with market analysts citing the uncertainty gripping financial stocks.

Attention, however, was firmly focused on Credit Suisse.

Its largest shareholder, Saudi National Bank (SNB), said it would not buy more shares on regulatory grounds as it would take its stake above 10%.

A string of scandals have undermined the confidence of its investors and clients, with Credit Suisse customer outflows in the fourth quarter rising to more than 110 billion Swiss francs (£100bn)

SNB said it was happy with Credit Suisse's turnaround plan and did not think it would need more money.

That was despite its annual report for 2022, released earlier this week, admitting that "material weaknesses" in controls over financial reporting had been identified and customer outflows had not yet been stemmed.

Commenting on the Credit Suisse-led rout Craig Erlam, senior market analyst for Europe at OANDA, wrote in a note that it did not feel the worst was behind us.

"Fear has once again gripped the markets, concerned about a repeat of past crises - one in particular, for obvious reasons - and the implications for the financial system and the global economy.

"Of course, this is natural when so little is known about the situation and what it ultimately means for the health of the rest of the system.

"In the absence of facts, everyone is left with little choice but to speculate and frankly, what little commentary we've had hasn't really helped. Quite the opposite, in fact.

"Ignoring the expected comforting words from its chief executive, Ulrich Koerner, and chairman, Axel Lehmann, those of its largest shareholder, Saudi National Bank, and the lack of input from the central bank and regulator have only fuelled fears."
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