The current burgundy design is being replaced, following the UK's departure from the European Union.
Blue passports were introduced in 1921 and phased out after 1988 when members of the then European Economic Community agreed to harmonise designs.
Home Secretary Priti Patel said the passport will "once again be entwined with our national identity".
She said Brexit had given the UK "a unique opportunity to... forge a new path in the world" and enabled a return to "the iconic blue and gold design".
The UK was never formally compelled to change the colour of its passport in the 1980s but did so with other member states.
Securing a change in the design became a rallying point for Brexit supporters, with the government announcing in December 2017 that the blue passport would return.
According to the Passport Index, 81 countries have blue passports, including Australia, the United States, Canada, India and Hong Kong.
Several Caribbean countries also favour them, including Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados and St Vincent and the Grenadines.
In Europe, people from Iceland and Bosnia and Herzegovina carry blue passports, while it is a popular colour in central and south America - including in Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Other nations to have blue passports include Israel, Iraq, Syria and North Korea.