BBC Wales revealed on Wednesday that Qatar paid for two ministers and four officials to stay at the Ritz-Carlton.
Mark Drakeford said he had to take the hospitality package for security reasons and could not go to meetings without it.
"While it wasn't the way we would have chosen to go to Qatar, it was unavoidable," he said.
News of the hospitality package prompted concerns it may have undermined the Welsh government's stance on human rights, while Amnesty International challenged ministers to show they raised the issues.
Qatar has been criticised for its treatment of LGBT people, women and migrant workers.
Mr Drakeford said he raised human rights concerns at "every conceivable opportunity" while he was in the country.
While the Welsh government paid £13,000 for flights, a BBC Freedom of Information request found that Qatar paid for Mr Drakeford, Economy Minister Vaughan Gething and four officials to stay at the five-star hotel.
The two ministers attended separate games alongside two officials each, with the two separate trips each lasting three nights.Mr Drakeford's trip came despite Sir Keir Starmer's decision to stay away from the tournament.
The Welsh government has repeatedly defended the trip, saying said the tournament gave it an opportunity to promote Wales on the world stage and to seek investment from Qatar.
Mr Drakeford said in November it was a "difficult and closely balanced decision" to go.
Asked about the arrangements for UK ministers, a Foreign and Commonwealth Office spokesperson said: "The World Cup was a major international event and it is right that the UK government was represented.
"Details of the visit will be published in the usual way".
Mark Drakeford said he had to accept a five-star hospitality package to carry out his meetings in Qatar
Mark Drakeford says he emphasised human rights in his meetings in Qatar