Shares in companies controlled by billionaires have significantly outperformed the global market average over the past 15 years, according to a new report from Swiss bank UBS (UBS) and auditing firm PwC.
To arrive at that conclusion, researchers analyzed the stock performance of 603 public companies in which billionaires have considerable sway and to which most of their wealth is tied.
The companies' annualized gain over the 15-year period was nearly 18% versus 9% for a broad stock index that tracks shares in 47 countries. The billionaire-controlled companies were also more profitable.
"The outperformance we call the 'billionaire effect' depends on the entrepreneur keeping control, irrespective of whether the business is public or private," the report said.
The net wealth of tech entrepreneurs has almost doubled over five years to $1.3 trillion, with the number of billionaire-controlled tech companies rising from 76 to 148.
Ten of the world's top 20 tech billionaires are from the United States and four are from China, including ByteDance founder Zhang Yiming.
Industrial entrepreneurs saw their wealth decline 15% to less than $609 billion against a backdrop of declining commodity prices.
Billionaires looking to grow their wealth are increasingly favoring direct private investments over listed equity markets, said Simon Smiles, an executive at UBS Global Wealth Management.
UBS cautioned that there could be negative consequences if billionaires are forced to pay higher taxes, a strategy that leading politicians in countries including the United Kingdom and the United States have suggested as a remedy for rising income inequality.
Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren wants to impose a wealth tax of 6 cents on every dollar of net worth above $1 billion and raise capital gains taxes. Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of Britain's opposition Labour Party, has said that "in a fair society there would be no billionaires."
Stadler warned against punitive taxes on billionaires, particularly those who are entrepreneurs. "Millions of jobs have been created by people who take outlandish risks. If you cap the upside, billionaires will manage their risk appetite downwards, [and] the impact will be detrimental to society," he told CNN Business.
The UBS banker acknowledged that wealth has become concentrated in fewer hands, but he said that concerns about inequality need to be balanced against what billionaires have achieved.
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